What is Music Therapy?
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based application of music interventions to accomplish non-musical goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. Music therapists often have similar goals to occupational, speech, or physical therapists – which makes MT a popular complement to these more-common therapies, especially in pediatric populations.
Music therapy uses a variety of active music making experiences such as singing, dancing, song imitation, instrument play, song-writing and analysis.
Music Therapy can be a group experience or individual, and each session is structured around the non-musical therapeutic goals of the patient. Typical music therapy sessions are 30-60 minutes in length depending upon the age and functioning level of the patient.
Music Therapy may be Used to Target the Following Areas:
Communication skills, such as expressive and receptive language, initiation of conversation, spontaneous language, and pre-learning skills (e.g., turn-taking)
Motor function such as balance, spatial awareness, bilateral coordination, grasping objects, and sequencing movements
Emotional and behavioral skills such as sustained attention to task, eye contact, expression of emotions, participation and compliance
Cognitive functions such as sustained attention/divided attention to task, processing of multi-step directives, mastering of educational concepts (e.g., letters, colors, shapes, or symbols)